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How to Register a Business in Vermont – Detailed Guide 2024

How to Register a Business in Vermont
(Last Updated On: May 15, 2024)

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Beginning a business venture can offer excitement and fulfillment, yet navigating the complexities of registering your business may seem daunting, particularly for those new to entrepreneurship. However, with the right guidance and resources, registering your business in Vermont can be made straightforward and stress-free.

The aim of this blog post is to furnish you with a comprehensive guide to successfully registering your business in Vermont. Additionally, we will provide helpful tips and valuable resources to streamline the process. Whether you’re launching a new venture or formalizing an existing one, our guide will walk you through the registration process in seven simple steps.

Acknowledging that business registration can present challenges, we’ve curated a list of top-notch business registration services like Northwest Registered Agent to support you every step of the way. Let’s dive into the specifics and ensure a smooth registration experience for your Vermont-based business!

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How to Register Your Business in Vermont in 7 Simple Steps

Initiating a business in Vermont can be a smooth endeavor with the right knowledge. Abide by these 7 essential steps to efficiently establish your Vermont-centered venture and expedite the commencement of your business activities.

Step 1: Choose Your Business Structure

Determining the most suitable business structure for your venture depends on the nature of your business and your expansion plans. In Vermont, there are different options for incorporated and unincorporated businesses to consider. Let’s explore each of these options in detail and understand how they operate.

It’s important to note that you will only need to register your business with the Vermont Secretary of State if you choose a structure that requires incorporation, such as the following:

Sole Proprietorship

A sole proprietorship is the simplest business structure in Vermont, where the owner and the business are considered the same entity in the eyes of the law. This means the owner is personally responsible for the business’s debts and liabilities. Setting up a sole proprietorship is easy and involves minimal legal and administrative requirements. While registering your sole proprietorship with the state is not mandatory in Vermont, local permits or licenses may be necessary.

General Partnership

A general partnership is a business owned by two or more individuals who share in the profits and losses. Each partner assumes personal liability for the business’s debts and legal obligations. In Vermont, you do not need to register a general partnership with the state, but filing a “Vermont Assumed Business Name” (DBA) in the county where your business operates may be required.

Limited Partnership (LP)

In Vermont, a limited partnership consists of one or more general partners who manage the business and have unlimited personal liability, along with one or more limited partners who provide capital but have limited liability. To establish an LP in Vermont, you must file a “Certificate of Limited Partnership” with the Vermont Secretary of State.

Limited Liability Company (LLC)

An LLC is a flexible business structure that combines the liability protection of a corporation with the tax benefits and simplicity of a partnership. In Vermont, you need to file Articles of Organization with the Vermont Secretary of State and create an Operating Agreement to define the management and ownership structure of the company.


A corporation is a separate legal entity from its owners (shareholders) and provides limited liability protection. In Vermont, there are two types of corporations:

  • C-corporations
  • S-corporations

To establish a corporation in Vermont, you must file Articles of Incorporation with the Vermont Secretary of State, either as a “For-Profit Corporation” or a “Nonprofit Corporation,” depending on the nature of your business. Corporations involve additional formalities, including the creation of bylaws, issuing stocks, and conducting regular board and shareholder meetings.

Select the business structure in Vermont that best suits your needs, considering factors such as liability protection, taxation, and management requirements. If you need assistance in making this decision, consult with a legal or business professional.

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Step 2: Select a Unique Business Name

In Vermont, you have various avenues for naming your business. You can register a legal entity name, secure a trademark, or operate under a different name while registering a legal one. Each approach is subject to specific naming rules and regulations that vary across states, so it’s important to familiarize yourself with Vermont’s requirements.

Similar to incorporating your business, the choice of the business name in Vermont will depend on the unique needs and circumstances of your entity.

While it’s not obligatory, you may choose to pursue all three routes to ensure comprehensive protection for your name. Alternatively, you can opt for a single naming option. It’s generally advisable, however, to use the same name for all registration methods.

Let’s explore each naming option in Vermont in more detail:

In Vermont, businesses are required to register a legal entity name, which serves as the state’s identifier for the company. The entity name must be distinctive, ensuring that no other business shares the same name.

Vermont’s naming laws include guidelines regarding company suffixes (e.g., LLC, LP, or Corp) and mandate that the name accurately represents the registered business type. You can verify name availability by using the Vermont Secretary of State’s online business search tool.


Obtaining a trademark in Vermont provides intellectual property protection for your business name or logo at a national level. To safeguard your name or logo, it’s crucial to conduct a comprehensive search in the USPTO database to ensure that it’s not already registered.

Once your trademark is registered, it prevents others from using the same or similar name or logo for similar goods or services, granting you nationwide protection. However, acquiring a trademark does not automatically grant unlimited rights to use the name or logo in all circumstances.

Doing Business As (DBA)

In Vermont, you have the option of registering your business under an official name while operating under a different name, known as a Doing Business As (DBA) name. To do so, you must file a DBA registration with the Secretary of State’s office. While these names are subject to federal trademark laws, there is no requirement for a DBA to be unique at the state level.

By understanding and carefully considering these naming options, you can successfully register your business name in Vermont and protect your brand identity.

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Step 3: Consider Taxes and Other Costs in Vermont

Here are some details about the taxes an LLC in Vermont may have to pay:

  • Vermont Corporate Income Tax: The Vermont corporate income tax is a flat tax, which means that all corporations pay the same rate, regardless of their income. The current rate is 8.75%.
  • Vermont Pass-Through Entity Tax: The Vermont pass-through entity tax is a tax on the net income of pass-through entities, such as partnerships, S corporations, and sole proprietorships. The tax is paid by the individual owners of the pass-through entity and isn’t assessed at the entity level. The current rate is 6.85%.
  • Vermont Sales and Use Tax: The Vermont sales and use tax is a tax on retail sales of goods and services. The tax rate is 6%. The sales tax applies to most retail sales of goods and services, and the use tax applies to the purchase of goods and services that are not subject to sales tax when they’re purchased out-of-state and brought into Vermont.
  • Vermont Property Tax: The Vermont property tax is a tax on real estate and personal property. The property tax rate varies by town but is typically around 1% of the assessed value of the property.

It’s important to note that businesses should consult with a tax professional to determine which taxes apply to their specific business.

Entrepreneurs in Vermont can simplify the registration process by utilizing online services like ZenBusiness. ZenBusiness offers a comprehensive range of solutions aimed at facilitating the establishment of businesses, including filing the necessary paperwork with the Secretary of State, obtaining an Employer Identification Number (EIN), and creating an operating agreement. Furthermore, they offer ongoing compliance support to help businesses maintain a compliant status with the state authorities.

Step 4: Register and Acquire Licenses and Permits in Vermont

To operate your business in Vermont, it’s important to obtain the necessary licenses and permits. Here are the key requirements:

Tax Registration: If you plan to sell goods in Vermont, you need to register with the Department of Taxes (DOT) to collect sales tax. Additionally, if your business has employees, you must register with the DOT for employer withholding taxes. You can register for these taxes and other business taxes either online through the Secretary of State website or by filling out Form BR-400, Application for Business Tax Account.

EIN (Employer Identification Number): If your business has employees or is taxed separately from you, you must obtain a federal Employer Identification Number (EIN) from the IRS. Even if you’re not required to obtain an EIN, it’s often beneficial to have one. Banks typically require an EIN to open a business account, and other companies you work with may also require an EIN for payment processing. You can obtain an EIN by completing an online application, and there is no filing fee.

Regulatory Licenses and Permits: These licenses and permits relate to various areas, such as health and safety, the environment, building and construction, and specific industries or services. To find more details, visit the Licenses and Permits section on the state website. For local licenses and permits, check the websites of the cities or counties where you will conduct your business.

Professional and Occupational Licenses: These licenses are required for individuals working in specific fields. You can find information about these licenses in the Professional Regulation section of the Secretary of State (SOS) website. The Office of Professional Regulation (OPR) maintains this section. Some professions have separate boards that regulate them, while others are directly regulated by the OPR.

By following these tips, you can ensure that the process of applying for Vermont licenses and permits goes smoothly.

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Step 5: Open a Bank Account For Your Business in Vermont

Upon obtaining your EIN, it’s crucial to proceed with the establishment of a business bank account in Vermont.

Complying with the regulations governing LLPs, LLCs, and corporations mandates the need for a business bank account. Nevertheless, sole proprietors and unincorporated partnerships are not legally obligated to maintain separate personal and business accounts.

Opening a business account in Vermont is a straightforward process that entails visiting a local bank and completing the necessary documentation. Before finalizing your selection, it’s recommended to conduct thorough research and compare the rates and advantages offered by different banks.

Even if you operate as a sole proprietor or unincorporated partnership in Vermont, it’s wise to maintain a dedicated business bank account to ensure the separation of your personal and business finances. This proactive approach will prove beneficial if you opt to incorporate your business later on.

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Step 6: Protect Your Intellectual Property in Vermont

When starting a business in Vermont, it’s essential to prioritize the protection of your valuable intellectual property (IP). Depending on the nature of your company, you may have IP assets such as your business name, logo, product designs, or creative works (e.g., writing, designs, music) that require safeguarding.

Fortunately, Vermont offers several avenues to achieve this objective. It’s advisable to initiate the application processes promptly to prevent any unauthorized use of your IP by others.

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In Vermont, a trademark is a recognizable symbol, phrase, word, or design that distinguishes a product or service from similar offerings in the market.

To ensure legal protection, trademarks must be registered with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). The registration process typically takes four to six months to complete. Once registered, the trademark is safeguarded nationwide, empowering businesses to take legal action against any unauthorized usage.

Registering trademarks with the USPTO in Vermont not only protects your brand and reputation but also provides legal recourse against infringement.

In Vermont, copyright law safeguards original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and various other intellectual creations. This encompasses written content, software, web materials, films, sound recordings, images, and other forms of creative expression.

Upon creating a new work in Vermont, copyright protection is automatically granted to the creator. As the owner of exclusive rights to distribute, reproduce, create derivative works, and sell your intellectual property, you have the legal authority to control its use.

However, registering your copyright with the U.S. Copyright Office provides additional legal protection and serves as evidence of ownership. By registering your copyright in Vermont, you strengthen protection against infringement and establish a means to enforce your rights in court, if necessary.


Inventors in Vermont seeking to protect a new product or piece of machinery should consider obtaining a patent. A patent grants exclusive rights to the item, preventing others from making, selling, or importing it for a specified period.

The patent process is complex and can take up to five years to complete. Thus, it’s advisable to commence the process promptly, especially if your invention is unique and warrants protection. Patent applications are submitted to the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

By safeguarding your intellectual property in Vermont, you secure your brand, products, and creations, ensuring your business maintains a competitive edge and fosters growth.

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Step 7: Set Up Your Payment Infrastructure in Vermont

To guarantee that your Vermont-based business is ready to commence serving customers promptly after registration, it’s essential to establish a streamlined and hassle-free payment acceptance system.

There are several payment processing services available that offer user-friendly interfaces and seamless integration with your website or point-of-sale (POS) system. Notable options include Square, Stripe, and PayPal. These systems provide flexibility and straightforward setup, allowing you to customize them according to your business objectives.

These payment processors enable you to accept a diverse range of payment methods, such as credit and debit cards, ACH transfers, digital wallets like Apple Pay and Google Pay, and more. By selecting a reputable payment processing service, you can provide your customers with the convenience of paying through their preferred methods on a secure platform, ensuring a smooth and satisfactory transaction experience for both your business and clients.

In addition to choosing a payment processor, it’s crucial to establish compliance with Vermont’s sales tax requirements. This involves obtaining a Vermont Sales and Use Tax Permit from the Vermont Department of Taxes, enabling you to collect sales tax on taxable goods and services.

Once your payment infrastructure is in place, your Vermont-based business will be well-prepared to efficiently and securely serve customers, generating revenue effectively.

By following these steps, you will be on your way to establishing a legally compliant business in Vermont.

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Top 5 Business Registration Services for Entrepreneurs in Vermont

When it comes to business registration in Vermont, entrepreneurs and small business owners can leverage various business registration services. These services offer comprehensive solutions to assist businesses in getting started and maintaining compliance with state and federal regulations. Here are some of the top business registration services available in Vermont:


Zenbusiness logo

ZenBusiness is an online business registration service that specializes in business formation, annual report filing, registered agent services, and more. With affordable pricing and packages that include personalized support and resources, ZenBusiness simplifies the business registration process for entrepreneurs in Vermont.

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Swyft Filings

Swyft Filings logo

Swyft Filings is a renowned business registration service known for its efficient business formation services, including LLC formation, incorporation, and compliance. With their user-friendly website and affordable pricing, Swyft Filings enables entrepreneurs in Vermont to register their businesses quickly and easily.

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Tailor Brands

Tailor Brands is an online branding and design service that helps businesses create a professional and cohesive brand identity. Their branding packages include logo design, business card design, and social media branding. While not a traditional business registration service, Tailor Brands can support entrepreneurs in Vermont by helping them establish a compelling brand image that attracts customers.

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Northwest Registered Agent

Northwest Registered Agent is an online LLc registration service that specializes in registered agent services, compliance management, and document filing. Known for their quality and exceptional customer service, Northwest Registered Agent offers personalized support to help Vermont entrepreneurs maintain compliance with state and federal regulations. They provide comprehensive business formation services for LLCs, corporations, and nonprofits.

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Bizee (Previously Incfile)

Bizee is an online business registration service that offers fast and affordable business formation services. Their packages include registered agent services, compliance management, and document filing. With a user-friendly and streamlined platform, bizee ensures a hassle-free business registration process for entrepreneurs in Vermont. They also provide ongoing support and resources to facilitate business growth.

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By researching and comparing these business registration services, entrepreneurs in Vermont can find the most suitable option to meet their specific needs, simplifying the registration process and ensuring efficiency.

Business Registration Laws in Vermont

In Vermont, the process of registering a business involves several steps and requirements. Here are the business registration laws in Vermont:

  • Business Entity Types: Vermont recognizes various business entity types, including sole proprietorships, partnerships, Limited Liability Companies (LLCs), and corporations. Each entity type has its own requirements and legal implications. You may need to consult with an attorney or business advisor to determine the best structure for your specific situation.
  • Business Name: When registering a business in Vermont, you’ll need to choose a unique name that’s distinguishable from existing business entities. You can search the Vermont Secretary of State’s website to check the availability of your desired business name.
  • Secretary of State’s Office: The Vermont Secretary of State’s Office is responsible for business registrations. You can find the necessary forms, instructions, and resources on their official website. Online filing is typically available, which can make the registration process more convenient.
  • Trade Name Registration: If you plan to operate your business under a name other than your own legal name, you may need to file a trade name registration, also known as a “Doing Business As” (DBA) registration. This process ensures that your chosen trade name isn’t already in use by another entity in Vermont.
  • Employer Identification Number (EIN): In most cases, businesses operating in Vermont will need to obtain an Employer Identification Number (EIN) from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). This unique identifier is used for tax purposes and is often required for opening a business bank account or hiring employees.
  • Licenses and Permits: Depending on the nature of your business, you may need to obtain additional licenses or permits from state or local authorities. Examples include professional Business licenses for regulated occupations or permits for specific activities like selling alcohol or operating a food establishment. It’s important to research and comply with the relevant licensing requirements for your specific business.

Remember, it’s essential to consult with a legal professional or the Vermont Secretary of State’s Office to ensure compliance with the most current laws and regulations.

Alternative Business Registration Methods in Vermont

In Vermont, there are several alternative business registration methods available for entrepreneurs. Here are a few options:

Online Registration 

The Vermont Secretary of State’s office provides an online business registration system called “The Vermont Business Portal.” This portal allows you to register various types of businesses, including sole proprietorships, partnerships, Limited Liability Companies (LLCs), and corporations. You can complete the registration process online, pay the necessary fees, and receive your business registration certificate electronically.

Mail or In-Person Registration 

If you prefer not to register online, you can register your business by mail or in-person. To do this, you need to obtain the necessary registration forms from the Vermont Secretary of State’s office or download them from their website. Fill out the required information, attach the applicable fees, and send the documents by mail or submit them in person at the Secretary of State’s office in Montpelier.

Professional Assistance 

Another option is to seek professional assistance from a business attorney or a registered agent service. These professionals can guide you through the registration process and handle the paperwork on your behalf. They can ensure that all the required information is provided accurately and that the necessary fees are paid promptly.

Nonprofit Organizations

If you’re looking to register a nonprofit organization in Vermont, you will need to follow a different process. Nonprofits must file for tax-exempt status with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) by completing Form 1023 or Form 1023-EZ. Additionally, you need to register with the Vermont Secretary of State’s office as a nonprofit corporation or charitable organization.

It’s important to note that while these alternative methods may be available, it’s recommended to consult the Vermont Secretary of State’s office or seek professional advice to ensure compliance with all legal requirements and to understand the specific registration process for your particular business type.

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Benefits of Registering Your Business in Vermont

Registering your business in Vermont offers several benefits that can contribute to its success and growth. Here are some of the advantages of registering your business in Vermont:

  • Limited Liability Protection: By registering your business as a Limited Liability Company (LLC) or a corporation, you can separate your personal assets from your business’s liabilities. This protects your personal assets in case your business faces legal issues or debt.
  • Professional Credibility: Registering your business demonstrates professionalism and credibility to potential customers, clients, and partners. It enhances your reputation and can help attract customers who prefer to do business with registered entities.
  • Access to Financing and Funding: Registered businesses in Vermont have access to various sources of funding, including loans, grants, and investment opportunities. Banks, lenders, and investors are more likely to provide financial support to registered businesses, as it signifies a commitment to legal compliance and accountability.
  • Tax Advantages: Vermont offers favorable tax incentives for businesses. By registering your business, you can take advantage of these benefits, such as tax credits, exemptions, and deductions, which can lower your overall tax liability. Additionally, Vermont has a low corporate income tax rate, making it an attractive state for businesses.
  • Government Contracts and Support: Registered businesses in Vermont can participate in government contracts and bid on public projects. The state government often gives priority to registered businesses in procurement processes, providing opportunities for growth and expansion.
  • Legal Protection: Registering your business provides legal protection for your business name, brand, and intellectual property. It establishes your exclusive rights to use the business name within the state, safeguarding your brand identity from potential infringements.
  • Business Continuity: Registering your business creates a separate legal entity that can continue to operate even if the owner or partners change. This ensures the continuity of your business and provides stability for employees, customers, and suppliers.
  • Networking and Support: Registering your business in Vermont allows you to become part of the local business community. You gain access to networking events, workshops, and resources provided by government agencies, chambers of commerce, and business associations. This support network can help you connect with other businesses, mentors, and potential customers.

It’s important to note that the specific benefits and requirements for registering a business may vary based on the type of business entity, industry, and location within Vermont. Consulting with a business attorney or a certified public accountant (CPA) can provide you with more detailed information regarding the advantages and considerations specific to your situation.

Is Business Registration Required in Vermont? Find Out Here

Businesses operating in Vermont are generally required to engage in registration procedures with the state. The specific registration prerequisites vary depending on the nature of the business entity, the type of operations conducted, and other pertinent factors. Some typical registration processes include acquiring a Vermont Sales and Use Tax Permit, registering a Vermont Limited Liability Company (LLC) or Corporation, and obtaining specialized licenses or permits applicable to specific industries.

Conducting comprehensive research into the specific requirements applicable to your business and ensuring full compliance with all registration obligations is essential to avoid any potential legal or financial consequences.

How to Register Your Business in Vermont – Frequently Asked Questions

What Do I Need to Register a Business in Vermont?

In Vermont, the process of registering a business involves choosing a business name, determining the legal structure, and completing the necessary paperwork with the Vermont Secretary of State. The specific requirements will depend on the type of business, but generally, you will need to file Articles of Organization, appoint a registered agent, and obtain any required licenses or permits.

How Much Does It Cost to Register a Company in Vermont?

Registering a company in Vermont incurs different costs based on the legal structure and filing type. The filing fee for an LLC’s Articles of Organization is $125, while for a corporation, the fee is $125 as well. It’s advisable to consider potential additional fees associated with obligatory filings and permits specific to your business activities.

Can a Foreigner Start a Business in Vermont?

Entrepreneurs from abroad are eligible to initiate business operations in Vermont, subject to meeting the requisite legal criteria. Non-resident business proprietors may be obligated to obtain suitable visas or work permits and undertake the necessary registration processes with both state and federal entities.

Do I Need to Register My Online Business in Vermont?

When operating an online business in Vermont, it’s important to consider the registration obligations applicable to your specific business and online operations. Sole proprietorships and partnerships may not necessarily need to register, while corporations and LLCs typically require registration. Depending on your business activities, you might also be required to obtain permits and licenses, including a sales tax permit from the Vermont Department of Taxes. 

To ensure adherence to the applicable laws and regulations, it’s advisable to consult with a knowledgeable attorney or accountant who can provide guidance tailored to your business needs in Vermont.

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Bottom Line on How to Register Your Business in Vermont

In Vermont, registering your business is essential to comply with state laws. By following the required procedures and meeting specific criteria, you can establish a strong groundwork for your enterprise.

Selecting a business name and legal structure that conforms to the Vermont Secretary of State’s guidelines is paramount. Ensure you fill out and submit all requisite documents and acquire any pertinent licenses and permits applicable to your industry and location. Utilizing a reputable business registration service such as Northwest Registered Agent can simplify the process and ensure adherence to crucial regulations.

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Read about how to register a business in any US state:

About the author

Dr. Gabriel O'Neill, Esq., a distinguished legal scholar with a business law degree and a Doctor of Juridical Science, is a leading expert in business registration and diverse business departments. Renowned for his academic excellence and practical insights, Dr. O'Neill guides businesses through legal complexities, offering invaluable expertise in compliance, corporate governance, and registration processes.

As an accomplished author, his forthcoming book is anticipated to be a comprehensive guide for navigating the dynamic intersection of law and business, providing clarity and practical wisdom for entrepreneurs and legal professionals alike. With a commitment to legal excellence, Dr. Gabriel O'Neill, Esq., is a trusted authority dedicated to empowering businesses within the ever-evolving legal landscape.