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How to Register a Business Name in Virginia

    How to Register a Business Name in Virginia
    (Last Updated On: September 18, 2023)

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    Ready to set up shop in the Old Dominion? Register a business name in Virginia is a fundamental requirement for legal adherence and establishing your brand identity. Whether you’re leaning towards an LLC or corporation or need a “doing business as” (DBA) name, we’re here to lead you through the registration steps. Virginia provides a user-friendly process for registering your business name, tailored to different business types. 

    For a smoother experience and professional support, consider enlisting the help of ZenBusiness. Let’s collaborate to make your Virginia business aspirations a reality and pave the way for your entrepreneurial journey in the Commonwealth!

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    4 Steps to Register Your Business Name in Virginia

    For those looking to establish their business in the Old Dominion, formally registering your business name stands as a pivotal primary action. To guide you in this progression, here are four straightforward phases to ensure the official registration of your business name in Virginia:

    Step 1: Choose Your Business Structure in Virginia

    The first crucial step when registering a business name in Virginia is choosing the appropriate business structure. Your decision should be based on the nature of your business and your growth objectives. Virginia offers various options for both incorporated and unincorporated businesses. Let’s delve into the specifics of each option to gain a better understanding.

    It’s important to note that you only need to register your business with the Virginia Secretary of State if you opt for a structure that requires incorporation. This includes:

    Sole Proprietorship

    A sole proprietorship is the simplest form of business in Virginia, where the owner and the business are legally treated as one entity. This setup means that the owner is personally responsible for the business’s debts and obligations. 

    Establishing a sole proprietorship is straightforward and involves minimal legal and administrative requirements. While Virginia doesn’t mandate the registration of sole proprietorships, you might need local licenses or permits.

    General Partnership

    A general partnership involves the co-ownership of a business by two or more individuals who share profits and losses. Each partner bears personal liability for the business’s debts and legal responsibilities. While registering a general partnership with the state isn’t necessary in Virginia, filing a “Virginia Trade Name Registration” (also known as a DBA) might be required in the county where your business operates.

    Limited Partnership (LP)

    In Virginia, a limited partnership consists of one or more general partners who handle business management with unlimited personal liability and one or more limited partners who contribute capital but have limited liability. To set up an LP in Virginia, you need to file a “Certificate of Limited Partnership” with the Virginia Secretary of State.

    Limited Liability Company (LLC)

    An LLC provides a versatile business structure that combines liability protection similar to a corporation with the tax advantages and simplicity of a partnership. To form an LLC in Virginia, you must file Articles of Organization with the Virginia Secretary of State and create an Operating Agreement outlining ownership and management details.


    A corporation is a distinct legal entity from its shareholders, granting limited liability protection. In Virginia, two main types of corporations exist:

    • C-corporations
    • S-corporations

    To establish a corporation in Virginia, you must file Articles of Incorporation with the Virginia Secretary of State. The choice between “For-Profit Corporation” or “Nonstock Corporation” depends on your business type. Corporations involve additional formalities, including crafting bylaws, issuing stock, and conducting regular board and shareholder meetings.

    Select the most suitable business structure in Virginia by considering factors like liability protection, taxation, and management needs. If you need guidance in this decision-making process, seek advice from legal or business experts.

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    Step 2: Select a Unique Business Name in Virginia

    Naming your business in Virginia involves several avenues to consider. You can opt for a legal entity name, acquire a trademark, or operate under an alternate name while registering your official one. The naming guidelines can differ from state to state, so it’s essential to familiarize yourself with Virginia’s specific requirements.

    Much like selecting your business structure, the naming path you follow in Virginia depends on your entity’s unique characteristics and requirements.

    Although not obligatory, exploring all three naming options can offer comprehensive name protection. Alternatively, you can decide on one approach that suits you best. Nonetheless, maintaining consistency across all registration methods is generally advisable.

    Let’s delve deeper into each naming option available in Virginia:

    Virginia mandates businesses to register a legal entity name, which acts as the state’s identification for your company. The entity name should be distinct to prevent potential clashes with other businesses.

    Virginia’s naming regulations encompass directives about company suffixes (e.g., LLC, LP, Corp) and stipulate that the name accurately reflects the registered business type. You can assess name availability by utilizing the Virginia State Corporation Commission’s online business entity search.


    Securing a trademark in Virginia extends intellectual property protection to your business name or logo on a national scale. Safeguarding your name or logo necessitates conducting a thorough search in the USPTO database to ensure it’s not already trademarked.

    Upon trademark registration, your name or logo gains exclusive usage rights, barring others from employing a similar name or logo for similar goods or services nationwide. However, obtaining a trademark doesn’t automatically grant unrestricted rights for all circumstances.

    Doing Business As (DBA)

    Virginia allows you to register your business under an official name while operating under a distinct one, termed an Assumed Name or Doing Business As (DBA). To accomplish this, you must file a DBA registration with the Circuit Court Clerk’s office in your business’s county. These names adhere to federal trademark laws, but uniqueness at the state level isn’t obligatory for a DBA.

    By comprehending and thoughtfully evaluating these naming avenues, you can effectively register your business name in Virginia while safeguarding your brand’s identity.

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    Step 3: Check Business Name Availability in Virginia

    Before proceeding with business registration, it’s crucial to confirm the availability of your desired business name. This step is necessary to avoid any potential conflicts with existing businesses in Virginia that might already be using the same name. To thoroughly check the availability of your business name, you should carry out three specific types of searches:

    The initial action in determining the availability of a business name in Virginia involves conducting a federal trademark search. Trademarks hold authority at the national level, surpassing state-level registrations. Thus, it’s essential to ascertain that your preferred business name hasn’t been trademarked. If it turns out that your chosen name is indeed trademarked, you will need to select a new name for your business.

    To perform a federal trademark search, you should navigate to the website of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) and utilize the TESS Search tool.

    >> File a Trademark with IncFile >>

    Once you have confirmed that your business name isn’t trademarked, the next step is to ensure its availability for use specifically within Virginia. This involves searching through the registered business names within the state using the Virginia Business Entity Search tool.

    During your search, it’s important not only to verify the exact availability of your business name but also to ensure that there are no significantly similar names already in use by other businesses.

    After ensuring that your business name is free from trademark restrictions and available for use in Virginia, it’s advisable to conduct a search to determine the availability of the .com domain version of your chosen business name. While not every business may require or intend to establish a website, it’s still a prudent step to attempt registering the .com domain associated with your business name.

    Securing the .com domain of your business name through ZenBusiness prevents others from using the same web address. With ZenBusiness, you can register a domain cost-effectively and safeguard against potential name misuse.

    Step 4: Form Your Business With the State of Virginia

    After finalizing your chosen business structure and name, the next step involves submitting your formation documents to the state, which will officially register your business within Virginia.

    To formally register your Virginia-based LLC, the necessary step is to complete and submit the Articles of Organization to the Virginia State Corporation Commission. This submission can be accomplished either online or through traditional mail. Similarly, if you’re setting up a Virginia corporation, you’ll need to submit the Articles of Incorporation to the Virginia State Corporation Commission.

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    Protect Your Business Name With a Trademark

    Upon confirming the availability and securing your selected business name, you have the option to seek trademark protection for your business. Typically incurring costs ranging from $225 to $400, along with potential attorney fees and necessitating renewal fees every decade, this option offers the advantage of nationwide brand protection supported by federal law. 

    This legal safeguard empowers your business in cases where others attempt to use the same or a similar name. However, for most small enterprises, this step might not be essential unless they have aspirations of expanding to a national level.

    >> File a Trademark with IncFile >>

    How to File a Virginia Fictitious Name – DBA?

    To file a Virginia Fictitious Name (Doing Business As or DBA), follow these steps:

    1. Choose a Name: Pick a unique and available name for your business that doesn’t conflict with existing business names in Virginia
    1. Check Name Availability: Verify the chosen name’s availability through the Virginia State Corporation Commission’s (SCC) website or by contacting them directly
    1. Complete Application: Fill out the Fictitious Name Registration form provided by the Virginia SCC. You can find the form on their website or request a physical copy by mail
    1. Notarize the Form: Some localities might require the notarization of the form. Check with your county or city clerk’s office for specific requirements
    1. File the Form: Submit the completed and notarized form to the Virginia SCC. You can file online, by mail, or in person at the SCC’s office
    1. Pay the Fee: Pay the required filing fee. Fees can vary, so check the current fee schedule on the Virginia SCC website
    1. Publish Notice: In some cases, you might need to publish a notice of your fictitious name in a local newspaper for a specified period. Check with your local county or city clerk’s office for publication requirements
    1. Obtain Necessary Permits: Depending on your business type, you might need additional permits or licenses. Contact local and state authorities to ensure compliance
    1. Update Records: If your business information changes, such as address or ownership, make sure to update your DBA registration with the Virginia SCC

    Remember that regulations and requirements can change, so it’s essential to check the most current information on the Virginia State Corporation Commission’s official website or consult with legal professionals for accurate guidance.

    How to Change the Name of a Virginia Business?

    Altering the name of a business in Virginia can be accomplished through two methods: either by filing for a fictitious or assumed name or by submitting an amendment to the existing business’s legal name.

    Opting for the first approach—filing for a fictitious or assumed name (often referred to as a DBA name) – provides the simplest means of conducting business under an alternative name without necessitating a change in the official legal name.

    Sole proprietorships and general partnerships are limited to adopting a different business name through a DBA name. For LLCs and corporations, this method is also the most straightforward, allowing them to bypass the complexities of altering their legal name. This approach lets them operate under brand names that do not require the inclusion of “LLC” or “Inc.” suffixes, as mandated by legal names.

    However, if you desire to change the legal name of your LLC or corporation, your most suitable course of action involves filing an amendment that reflects the new legal name of your business. The relevant forms for both approaches are provided below:

    • Guide for Articles of Amendment – Virginia LLC
    • Guide for Articles of Amendment – Virginia Stock Corporation

    These forms can be submitted online, through mail, or in person, accompanied by a filing fee of $25.

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    Business Name Registration Laws in Virginia

    In Virginia, business name registration is typically done through the State Corporation Commission (SCC). The SCC is responsible for regulating various business entities, including corporations, Limited Liability Companies (LLCs), partnerships, and more. 

    Here are some key points to consider regarding business name registration laws in Virginia:

    • Name Availability Search: Before registering a business name in Virginia, it’s a good idea to conduct a name availability search on the SCC’s website. This will help you ensure that the name you want to use isn’t already in use by another business entity.
    • Name Requirements: The business name you choose must be distinguishable from existing business names on record. It should not be too similar to the names of other entities already registered with the SCC. Additionally, the name should not contain restricted or prohibited words without the necessary approvals.
    • Reserved Names: If you’re not ready to formally register your business but want to reserve a specific name for future use, you can file an application to reserve the name for a period of 120 days. This can be done through the SCC.
    • Trade Names: If you plan to operate your business under a name other than your legal entity’s name (e.g., using a “doing business as” or DBA name), you will likely need to register this trade name with the SCC.
    • Registration Process: To register a business name in Virginia, you’ll need to submit the appropriate forms and pay the required filing fees to the SCC. The specific forms and fees can vary depending on the type of business entity you’re registering.
    • Online Filing: The SCC provides an online filing system that allows you to submit your registration documents and fees electronically. This can streamline the process and make it more convenient.
    • Renewals: Business name registrations are often valid for a specific period (e.g., one year) and may need to be renewed. It’s important to keep track of renewal dates to ensure your registration remains active.

    For the most up-to-date and accurate information, it’s recommended to visit the official website of the Virginia State Corporation Commission or seek advice from legal professionals familiar with Virginia’s business laws.

    Bottom Line on How to Register a Business Name in Virginia

    To sum it up, the process of registering your business name in Virginia initiates an essential chapter in your entrepreneurial pursuit. Meticulously choosing your business structure, alongside a unique business name, and fulfilling mandatory registrations while also delving into trademark safeguards or a DBA name lays a sturdy groundwork for your future success. 

    You can find valuable assistance through the resources provided by the Virginia State Corporation Commission and streamline your registration process further with the aid of professional services such as ZenBusiness. Armed with enthusiasm and a resolute spirit, your registered business name is poised to make a significant impact in Virginia’s thriving business arena.

    >> Use ZenBusiness To Register a Business Name in Virginia >>

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